Dongdaemun Design Plaza - Seoul, Korea - by Zaha Hadid Architects

The complex building was developed by London based studio Zaha Hadid Architects. DDP is the first public project in Korea to utilize the 3-Dimensional Building Information Modelling (BIM) and other digital tools in construction. The project is located in popular area in Seoul, Korea.

Throughout the design process, every building requirement was considered as a set of inter-related spatial relationships which will define the social interactions and behavioural structure in/around the project. These relationships became the framework of the design, defining how different aspects of the project, such as spatial organization, programmatic requirements, and engineering come together. 

With parametric building information modelling software and design computation, we were able to continually test and adapt the design to the ever-evolving client's brief as well as integrate engineering and construction requirements. These technologies helped to maintain the original design aspiration throughout the project’s construction. It also streamlined the architectural design process and coordination with consultants. The parametric modelling process not only improved the efficiency of workflow, but also helped to make the most informed design decisions within a very compressed project period; ensuring DDP’s success throughout life-span. 

In construction, the benefits of using the parametric modelling techniques are apparent. The digital design model could be refined at any time throughout the design and construction to accommodate additional onsite conditions, local regulations, engineering requirements and cost controls. The team were able to have greater control of the design and details, with much greater precision than a conventional construction process; giving the client and the contractors a much better understanding and control of the project. 

The DDP façade cladding system is an exemplary result of such a process. Construction the exterior envelope of DDP was a challenge as the cladding system consists of over 45,000 panels in various sizes and degrees of curvature.

The completed façade incorporates a field of pixilation and perforation patterns, which creates dynamic visual effect depending on the lighting conditions and seasonal changes. It will take on different characters as the external condition changes.

The client’s vision must be congratulated. The DDP design shows a commitment to preserve the site’s history and integrate the newly discovered history in an architectural landscape that revolves around the ancient city wall and historical artefacts - which form the central element of the composition. 


Bus Terminal and Train Station - Aarau, Switzerland - by Vehovar & Jauslin Architektur

The project was developed by studio Vehovar & Jauslin Architektur. The project comprimises the construction of the railway station Aarau arises simultaneously the task of designing the station square.

The Integration of a Bushofs and the appreciation of the existing Pedestrian underpass.
The city of Aarau is situated on the Aare, which from a generous green space is surrounded. Simultaneously, work a terrain edge which in structure and morphology of roads and buildings found again . The tracks provide a striking break through the city and its Quarters.
The new station lies down like most formative elements also parallel to the landscape and to track space in the urban area .
The structure of the new station square to him again make tangible as a place. The parallelism of the Aarau Morphology is supported and the place becomes a big bulge - a kind of calming influence - in the river Bahnhofstrasse. The various Vorbereiche of Station are combined into a whole.
Through the consistent absence of separating elements and thanks to the intricate design of the Bushofdachs the connection of the station is reached at the city.
The station square is the link between Town and train station. He was also made of a place
arriving, Lingering and movement. The bus station is a central element and integral Be part of the place.
It is a roofing, which should radiate an airy and open character, with a functional- organic form to seven meters Height provided.

The Reid Building - Glasgow, UK - by Steven Holl Architects

The Reid Building was developed by New York based studio Steven Holl Architects. The project resembles a mix of modern and classic architecture, the project was built in complementary contrast to Charles Rennie Mackintosh's 1909 Glasgow School of Art.

The construction used a thin translucent materiality in considered contrast to the masonry of the Mackintosh building - volumes of light which express the school's activity in the urban fabric embodying a forward-looking life for the arts.

Working simultaneously from the inside out - engaging the functional needs and psychological desires of the program - and the outside in - making connections to the city campus and relating to the Mackintosh building opposite - the design embodies the school's aspirations in the city's fabric.

Mackintosh's amazing manipulation of the building section for light in inventive ways has inspired our approach towards a plan of volumes in different light.

The studio/workshop is the basic building block of the building. Spaces have been located not only to reflect their interdependent relationships but also their varying needs for natural light. Studios are positioned on the north façade with large inclined north facing glazing to maximize access to the desirable high quality diffuse north light.

Spaces that do not have a requirement for the same quality of natural light, such as the refectory and offices, are located on the South façade where access to sunlight can be balanced with the occupants needs and the thermal performance of the space through application of shading.


Pulkovo International Airport - Pulkovo, Russia - by Grimshaw Architects 

The project was developed by London based studio Grimshaw Architects. The new terminal at Pulkovo International Airport is now officially open to the public. Grimshaw has worked in a team with Ramboll and Pascall + Watson to design the airport, based in St Petersburg, Russia.

The opening of the new terminal marks the completion of phase one of a staged sustainable master plan for the airport, and is predicted to transfer 12 million passengers per year. Grimshaw won the project in 2007 in an international competition against a shortlist of world leading architecture practices. Working towards a completion date of 2015 for phases one and two, the finished airport will cater for 17 million passengers annually.

Pulkovo Airport, the third largest airport in the country, will act as a gateway to St Petersburg and Russia, while reflecting the city it serves. The internal layout of the new terminal consists of distinct zones connected, designed to echo the external layout of islands and bridges that make up the city. These open rooms are comparable to the many civic spaces found in St Petersburg, emphasising the airport’s role as the first and last great public space of the region for air travellers.

The master plan of the airport represents and responds to the climate and heritage of St Petersburg. The striking new terminal roof and envelope are designed to accommodate the extremes of climate experienced by the city, including the characteristically heavy snowfalls of winter.

Funding for the airport scheme comes via a €1bn public-private partnership development programme – the first of its kind in Russia. The Northern Capital Gateway Consortium (NCG) was awarded the 30-year concession and appointed Ramboll as the lead design consultant in 2008.

Grimshaw has been retained on the project as concept guardians, while Pascal + Watson were appointed as executive architects.


Mumbai Terminal 2 - Mumbai, India - by SOM architects

The project was designed by successful American design studio SOM Architects taking into account key important elements in traditional Indian Architecture. The project compromises complex concrete cells of the canopy spanning this new airport terminal in Mumbai.

This striking new terminal at the Mumbai airport is expected to serve 40 million travelers per year, nearly twice as many as the building it is replacing.

The design combines domestic and international operations into a single, efficient facility that is capable of accommodating rapid growth and changes — common occurrences in India. 

A single roof soars more than 40 meters above floor level.

Glass curtain walls and multi-level light wells provide ample natural light, while high-performance glazing and rooftop greenery help reduce solar heat gain.

The terminal is cross-shaped in plan to facilitate the quick and organized movement of planes and passengers.